PolySwarm is composed of a series of Communities (hence the “Poly”). Each Community serves a particular purpose and can either permit everyone to join or limit access to specific participants.
PolySwarm will launch with two communities:
Genesis: the public mainnet community: everyone can join & participate!
Hive: a private testing community: a closed Community for initial partners preparing for launch on Genesis
This list will expand, allowing Ambassadors and Microengine developers to control their audience. Future communities may include:
A GDPR-compliant community with artifact sharing amongst a closed set of complaint participants.
A network of mutually NDA’ed MSSPs & security experts.
Anyone will be able to administer their own Community and advertise their community through PolySwarm Portal.
Chains: Home vs Side
Each Community has a “homechain” and a “sidechain”, either of which may be shared with other Communities. Generally speaking, the “homechain” is where crypto assets natviely exist and the “sidechain” is where PolySwarm transations take place.
For example, Genesis, the first public Community will be configured as such:
PolySwarm Nectar (NCT) natively lives on the Ethereum Mainnet. Unfortunately, the Ethereum mainnet is far too slow (~15s block time) and far too expensive to support the sort of micro-transactions required by PolySwarm.
Rather than transacting directly on the Ethereum Mainnet, PolySwarm participants will instead relay NCT from Mainnet to the Genesis sidechain and conduct their business on this sidechain. Maintaining a minimal balance on the sidechain is made easy by polyswarm-client’s balancemanager.
This split-chain design provides two key benefits:
Scalability Today, Ethereum does not scale (they’re working on this of course), so applications must implement their own “Layer 2” scaling solutions if they demand low latency or high throughput transactions.
Confidentiality PolySwarm supports the notion of limited-access, private Communities. This split-chain design makes that possible.
Your Role in the PolySwarm Marketplace
There are several ways to participate in the PolySwarm ecosystem: will you create a Microengine, an Ambassador, an Arbiter or something else entirely?